integrated pest management (IPM) approach: This involves multiple tactics such as preventive measures,
sanitation, and chemicals applied to targeted sites.
Spray bed bugs with rubbing alcohol: This kills them on the spot. Use the rubbing alcohol and a dish brush to kill
the visible eggs, then call an exterminator.
launder (120°F minimum) affected items: Smaller items that cannot be laundered can sometimes be de-infested by heating.
Individual items, for example, can be wrapped in plastic and placed in a hot,
sunny location for at least a few days (the 120°F minimum target temperature
should be monitored in the centermost location with a thermometer). Bedbugs
also succumb to cold temperatures below freezing, but the chilling period must
be maintained for at least two weeks. Attempts to rid an entire home or
apartment of bed bugs by raising or lowering the thermostat will be entirely
steam on them: You may get a simple
device capable of generating steam at your local hardware store. You may also
convert a simple electric kettle to a steam machine by attaching a flexible
tube. Steam should kill all bedbugs and the eggs. Thoroughly spray steam at all
corners and seams.
your house: This will remove bugs and
eggs from mattresses, carpet, walls and other surfaces. Pay particular
attention to seams, tufts and edges of mattresses and box springs, and the
perimeter edge of wall-to-wall carpets. Afterward, dispose of the vacuum
contents in a sealed trash bag. Steam cleaning of carpets is also helpful for
killing bugs and eggs that vacuuming may have missed.
cracks in plaster and glue down loosened wallpaper to eliminate bed bug
harborage sites: Remove and destroy
wild animal roosts and bird nests when possible.
using insecticides. Residual
insecticides (usually pyrethroids) are applied as spot treatments to cracks and
crevices where bed bugs are hiding. Increased penetration of the insecticide
into cracks and crevices can be achieved if accumulated dirt and debris are
first removed using a vacuum cleaner. Many readily available aerosol pesticide
sprays will cause bed bugs to scatter making eradication more difficult. Dust
formulations may be used to treat wall voids and attics.Repeat insecticide
applications if bed bugs are present two weeks after the initial treatment. It
is difficult to find all hiding places and hidden eggs may have hatched.
the services of a professional pest control firm: Experienced companies know where to look for bed
bugs, and have an assortment of management tools at their disposal. Owners and
occupants will need to assist the professional in important ways. Allowing
access for inspection and treatment is essential and excess clutter should be removed.
affected items: In some cases,
infested mattresses and box springs will need to be discarded. Since bed bugs
can disperse throughout a building, it also may be necessary to inspect
adjoining rooms and apartments.
Apply silica gel: Grind up some crystal silica gel and apply it all
over in your bed room. Put some on your mattress, around the bed and along the
wall. The fine silica gel will get stuck to the bug and it cannot be shaken
off, causing the bug to dehydrate and die.Be
careful not to inhale it. Alternatively, use a natural dehydrating substance
called Semiautomatics Earth. Make sure you ask for the "Food Grade"
variation! Semiautomatics Earth has the same effect as silica gel but is safe and
exposure to it is not dangerous for your children and pets.
If you have a cat,
change the cat litter (crystal silica gel) every 5 days so the newly hatched
eggs will dehydrate too. Repeat for 5 weeks.